Zoning Ordinances and Site Planning Controls
Zoning was developed in San Francisco in the late 1880s'. New York City was the first too establish a complete code of land use ordinances. Traditional zordinances generally do not provide detail design requirements. In the past design has not been considered something that can be regulated since it involves art, taste and aesthetics of the designer. However, in recent years zoning ordinances have started to insert more design regulations into the codes. For example, more and more communities are inserting special zoning districts into the ordinance with more detailed design requirements. Some examples include PUDS, Historic Districts, TNDS and other form based code standards. Of course signage, parking lots, on-site storm water management, special urban design standards and site plan review are merging into zoning regulations. Our research is interested in the design aspects of zoning. We are particularly concerned with green parking lot design standards and sustainable on-site stormwater management.